Saturday, October 13, 2018
GIF, or Graphics Interchange Format, has a long history on the web. Invented in 1987, it was among the first image formats with good browser support in the early days of the web. Even if GIF can display static images too, it was the capability of displaying animated images and transparency that really made GIF special.
According to the latest data from httparchive.org, GIF is still heavily used on the web. Below is a chart illustrating the top 10 image formats in the huge dataset of httparchive.org (You can query the data in BigQuery)
Not unexpected, JPEG is the most popular format, followed by PNG. Then GIF accounting for 26% of all the image requests in the dataset! GIF is not dead! Looking at the payload the GIFs represent is is as expected lower than the other image formats, because GIFs are nowadays usually used for icons or smaller images on a webpage.
According to the httparchive.org data, a webpage request 13 GIFs per page. It is reasonable to believe that many of these requests are for tracking pixels and other non-visible artifacts.
Because GIFs have such diverse application, the file size is also varying vastly. We studied a sample of more than 3,600 GIFs served via ImageEngine, an image CDN by ScientiaMobile. The average file size of original GIFs being served through ImageEngine is 176kB, but the median is only 46kB. This is because there are some outliers at the high end of the scale which are more like videos rather than animations. More frames mean more bytes. GIF is great for many things, but it’s not made for videos or advanced animations. But are there really any alternatives?
There are actually a few good alternatives to GIF, however browser support is diverse. This is where ImageEngine, thanks to its built-in device detection and real-time image optimization, comes in. Now you can compress GIF files on the fly.
Google’s WEBP format actually supports animation. Animated WEBP is supported from Chrome version 32, and Opera 19.
The latests releases of Safari actually support files with video mime type to be referenced in regular image tags. For example:
This IMG tag will play the video inline as if it was a GIF.
Why would we replace GIF with WEBP or MP4? Because of performance. Both WEBP and MP4 handle animation much better than GIF. In fact, compared to the original payload generated by GIFs, MP4 is only 43% of that payload, and WEBP is 47%. In other words, MP4 reduces the payload by 57% and WEBP compress GIF payload by 53%.
The average size of a WEBP images is slightly higher than a MP4 video. But if we look at the median, we see that WEBP is slightly more efficient.
This is where we see the difference between a codec made for images and one made for video. MP4 is more efficient for the large, movie like GIF files with many frames, while WEBP is more efficient in the realm of classic GIF use cases. Still, both are excellent alternatives to GIF that will speed up your site or newsletter significantly.
As mentioned, GIF is an image format with many valid use cases. In some cases GIF is still the best format. Typically this is the case when the image is small, transparent hand has a limited amount of colors and animation. Still, if the use case is perfect, it requires some crafting to make it optimal. In the long run, ImageEngine is the best tool for the job.
Of course, ImageEngine analyzes both the GIF and the device capabilities before an optimization strategy is chosen. For example, if the image has transparency, the image will not be converted to MP4 even if the device supports it, simply because the MP4 format does not offer transparency. Moreover, ImageEngine also has advanced logic to assess what the best optimization strategy is; to optimize the original GIF or to convert it to MP4 or WEBP. All with visual quality versus file size in mind.
All in all, now that both the iOS camp and Android camp offer good alternatives to GIFS, there is no reason not to dig up the nice animations from the ´90s from the bottom of your drawer and put them on your website (if it has purpose, that is). ImageEngine is up for the job, and will make your site ready for the future.